Home » Pool Fencing Regulations NSW – Make Sure You Comply

Pool Fencing Regulations NSW – Make Sure You Comply

Swimming pool with cover and glass fencing In case you hadn’t already noticed, the Government of New South Wales has brought in some major changes to the legislation concerning pool safety compliance for backyard pools. The legislation in question is called The Swimming Pools (Amendment) Act 2012. It covers all sorts of pools including inflatable and portable pools.

Broadly speaking, the specific effect of these changes is that it is now compulsory to ensure that your pool is surrounded by a fence that (a) acts as a child-resistant barrier, and (b) separates your pool from any residential building, from public access, and from adjoin private properties.

Of course, it’s entirely possible that you are aware of these changes to the law but are confused about how they apply to your specific pool. If so, that’s understandable since the new laws are…well…a little confusing. The NSW Government has, to date, put out no fewer than 7 different check list documents for pool owners – and even those are not quite all-inclusive. Depending on:

  • When your pool was built
  • The Size of your property
  • Whether your property has waterfront access

There may, or may not, be some exceptions.

Either way, though, as a pool owner you’re responsible for ensuring that you’re pool is in compliance. Failure to comply could mean a hefty fine of up to $5,500. And, from 29th April 2015, pool owners need to be in possession of a Certificate of Compliance before they can sell or lease their property (note: this deadline was extended by 12 months from its original 29/04/2014 date).

So here’s our guide to what you need to know, and do, in order to make sure that you and you’re pool are in compliance.

Swimming Pool Fencing – General Requirements

Any pool – and that includes inflatable and portable pools – capable of being filled to a depth of 300mm of water must, by law, have a 4-sided fence around it. And that fence needs to comply with Australian Standard AS1926.1-2012 – Safety Barriers for Swimming Pools.

There used to be, and, to an increasingly limited extent still are, some exceptions to this. Backyard pools in:

  • small properties (defined as 230m2 or less),
  • large properties (defined as 2 hectares or more),
  • waterfront properties

installed before 1st July 2010 were able to use the walls of the building or property boundary as part of their swimming pool area safety barrier; provided that all windows and doors were rendered child-proof. These exemptions may still apply. But if, and ONLY if, the previously exempt properties can be shown to have been continuously kept in compliance since the date of the original exemption. If not, the exemption will be removed and forever cancelled.

Swimming Pool Fencing – Specific Requirements

  1. The pool fence must be at least 1200mm high all the way around measured from the outside of the pool.
  2. If a boundary fence forms part of the pool fence, it must be at least
    (a) For pools installed before 1st September 2008, at least 1200mm high measured from the outside of the fencing;
    (b) For pools installed on or after 1st September 2008, at least 1800mm high measured from inside of the fencing.
  3. The gap between the bottom of the fence and the ground must be no more than 100mm.
  4. All vertical or near vertical rails on the fence and gate must be less than 100mm apart.
  5. If perforated or mesh fencing is used, the holes must be no more than 13mm.
  6. Your pool fence must be well maintained and in a good state of repair (e.g. no holes, gaps, broken rails or palings, or other damage).

Swimming Pool Fence Gate – Specific Requirements

  1. The gate must be self closing and latch by itself from any position.
  2. The gate latch must be working well so that the gate is secure and, once closed, can’t be pulled open.
  3. The gate must open outwards, away from the pool area.
  4. The release for the gate latch must be 1500mm above ground level,
    The release for the gate latch must be located on the inside of the fence and be surrounded by a 450mm shield so that it must be accessed by reaching over the fence or through a latch access point that is 1200mm above ground level. The gate latch itself must be at least 150mm below the top of the fence or latch shield access point.
  5. It is against the law to prop or otherwise keep the gate open.

Swimming Pool No-Climb Zone – Specific Requirements

  1. There are no potential hand holds or foot holds within 900mm of the top of the pool fence in any direction to create a non-climbable zone. That includes planter boxes, trees, shrubs, rocks, deckchairs, furniture, BBQs, etc.
  2. There must be a 300mm clearance area from the barrier inside the pool area.

Swimming Pool Access and Residential Buildings – Specific Requirements

  1. Access to and from residential buildings to or from the street, the waterfront, or other public places must be outside of the pool enclosure, not though the pool area.
  2. A garage (whether attached or detached), shed, laundry, boatshed, or any structure not 100% associated with the pool is deemed to be a Residential Building – and that includes laundry lines!
  3. However, free-standing cabanas, pergolas, or similar structures designed to provide shade and which are solely associated with the pool and not with the residential building are permitted inside the pool area. Similarly, sheds or small structures designed and intended to house pool chemicals and equipment are permitted inside the pool area.

Swimming Pool Warning Signs – Specific Requirements

There must be an appropriate warning sign, including details of resuscitation (CPR) techniques, in the immediate vicinity of the pool area and which can be easily read from a distance of 3 metres.

Swimming Pool Requirement Exceptions – And Whether They Still Apply

For pools installed before 1st August 1990
For pools installed with doors and windows as barriers before 1/7/10
For pools built on waterfront properties

Property owners had the choice of fencing their pools, or either:

  • having latchable doors and restricted window openings, or;
  • using at least one side of their residential building wall or other such private building or structure to be part of the barrier.

These exception may still apply if, upon inspection, it is determined that:

  • The pool barrier has not been altered or rebuilt since the date of the original exemption;
  • The access to the pool has not been altered or rebuilt since the date of the original exemption;
  • That the pool has been continuously kept in compliance with the following:
  1. There is a latch on the door at least 1500mm above floor level on every door entering the pool area.
  2. Doors open away from the pool and are self-latching.
  3. There are no pet doors or other openings to the pool area greater than 100mm.
  4. The windows can only open to a maximum of 100mm;
    The windows are totally covered by bars or a mesh screen;
    The height from the sill of the lowest opening panel of a window (to the pool area) is at least 1800mm from the ground

Above Ground Pools

The walls of an above ground pool are not considered to be a compliant pool safety barrier.

* Please note, although we have tried to be as accurate as possible, rules do change. Please do not rely solely on this information. Please check Fair Trading NSW for more information.

Do you want to reduce your pool cleaning time? Read our guide How To Clean A Pool: A Time Saving Guide.

Man and Baby in the pool

Related Reading:
Swimming Pool & Spa Electrical Requirements in New York State
Do You Need to Register Your Pool?
Pool Regulations & Laws

17 thoughts on “Pool Fencing Regulations NSW – Make Sure You Comply”

  1. Are breeze blocks considered climbable if they are the top bricks laid on the brick boundary fence at 1600 high making fence 1800 high?

  2. Can you have a 1600mm rail and picket boundary fence and add 200mm of lattice to the top of the fence to make it comply to the 1800mm regulations?

  3. If you have a pool, then you are bound to fence it. But when you are going to fence your pool, then it must be complied with the laws and regulations. For ex: According to law of isolation(2010), if you are going to fence your pool, then the pool should be isolated with a four sided barrier, with no direct entrance from any other building to the pool. In addition to that a building permit is also needed prior to the installation of both pool and fence. Other laws have already mentioned in the above blog, which I find truly appreciating.

  4. My wife and I have just purchased a house with a pool built in 2002. Access to the pool is through 2 compliant pool gates, one down the side of the property which is kept locked, and the other at the top of the stairs from an upstairs deck. The upstairs deck has a minimum 1200mm compliant balustrade surrounding it, and is only otherwise accessible through the house. Around the pool on 3 sides are the property boundary fences, ranging from 1400mm to 1800mm in height. My understanding is that the boundary fence in the case of a pool built before 2008, only needs to be 1200mm high. Council have since given us the non-compliance report which states the boundary fences are ALL non compliant. The reason given is that there has been significant change to the pool since it was originally built. On questioning this we are told that the fence on one side has been replaced by the neighbors with an 1800mm high colorbond fence, (date of installation unknown) and this constitutes the significant change. Because of this the original rules no longer apply so the boundary fences on the other 2 sides now need to be raised to 1800mm. On top of this, despite being a standard 1800mm colorbond fence, it has been built against the brick paving on the inside of our pool area, so from inside the height is only 1700mm, so according to the compliance officer, this fence is also non compliant so also has to be raised.
    Unfortunately the under side of the house forms the 4th boundary to the pool, so the under house “pool room” with NO internal access is now non-compliant so needs a fence separating it from the pool. Council say that some future owner may decide to convert this room to a bedroom!
    I appreciate these rules have been designed to reduce the rate of child drownings. BUT common sense should prevail. This house has been purchased for 2 mature, reliable adults with no children or grand children in sight. I challenge any child to gain access to our pool!
    As the Certificate of Compliance is required on transfer of the property, and responsibility is placed on the new owners to comply, it should take into account the status of the current owners, and not possible future owners.

  5. We have an in ground concrete pool built well before 1986 ( we have detailed renovation plans which shows the pool) we brought the house in 1996. We have put the house on the market and had a certificate of non compliance which after some work was done we were give a compliance. My problem is while we were away overseas the solicitor called in our local council officer, who is very unreasonable. He has now asked for the tiniest things to be rectified. The boundary fence is 1800 high made of bricks and black glass panels one very fine part of this fence is mils off 1800 and he wants it to be raised, it is a 4 meter drop to the ground on the other side of this fence. In the other corner we have a brick planter box 50cm high and 10 mt long, which forms part of the boundary, on top of which is a 1200cm pool fence, he wants us to remove this planter because it breeches the 90cm arch rule. Gee when I went to school many years ago 1200-900 was a clearance of 300 is it not? The house has byfold doors opening onto the pool area with locks, so we agree to installing a fence between the house and the pool for those forgetful parents even though I have raised 13 grandchildren in that home with not one incident. It will look god dam terrible but. I dont understand the pickiness of the rest of his complaints. Do we have a recourse can we call in someone else to approve the pool? Settlement is the end of November so we dont have time to go to land and enviroment. Thanks

  6. Hi I have a 4 meter round above ground temporary pool that is up but is empty can I still get a fine if there is no fence around it when it has no water in it? I am in nsw

  7. It does not make sense to me that a pool barrier has to be only 1200mm high, yet a wall of a house with a window has to be 1800mm to the sill and the window has to only open 100mm. WHY?

    • So if there’s a house fire & it’s the only way out we burn because some kid might stealthily break into our home, stand on our kitchen table, open the window, jump 6-7 foot down into the cement without injury and drown in our pool…. makes sense huh.
      There should be exemptions for families with older children/teens & for parents who actually watch what their kids are doing instead of being self absorbed drinking coffee & surfing the net while their kid is drowning


Leave a comment